Keep Your Gardening Tools out a Little Longer – Door County Pulse

Leaving some plants in the garden until spring not only shortens the fall-gardening chore list, but it also provides important food sources for birds and visual interest during the winter months. Photo by Sara Rae Lancaster.

A fall gardening checklist</…….

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Leaving some plants in the garden until spring not only shortens the fall-gardening chore list, but it also provides important food sources for birds and visual interest during the winter months. Photo by Sara Rae Lancaster.

A fall gardening checklist

Although the changing leaves and cooler temperatures typically signal the end of the growing season in Wisconsin, there’s still plenty to do between now and winter. Sue Kunz, a Master Gardener and chair of The Garden Door, shares her tips and to-dos for putting this season to bed and giving next season a head start. 

Perennial Gardens

“So many people think you need to cut everything back and have this pristine clean slate,” Kunz said. “But that is actually the worst thing you can do for your perennial gardens in the fall.”

In fact, almost everything in a perennial garden can – and should – be left “as is” after it has died back, with few exceptions.

“The only thing you really want to cut back are plants prone to powdery mildew,” Kunz said. 

Plants such bee balm and phlox are the usual culprits, followed by peonies. She recommends cutting these plants back to two or three inches above the soil.

“Leaving two to three inches not only removes any infected foliage, but [it] also leaves enough of the plant to help identify what’s there in the spring,” Kunz said. “It also helps protect the crown of the plants during the winter months.”

The remaining part of the plant offers protection to beneficial insects during the winter as well.

“Harboring insects is actually a good thing because it’s food for the birds,” Kunz explained. “If you take all of those places for insects to hide for the winter, you take away some of those food sources for the birds. Some moths and butterflies will harbor in the hollow stems as well.”

Plants that Kunz encourages gardeners not to cut back include those that provide seed sources for birds, such as coneflower and rudbeckia. She also advises gardeners to leave the ornamental grasses until the spring, not only because they provide shelter for wildlife and organic matter for the soil, but also for the visual interest they provide to the landscape during the winter months.

Tender bulbs such as dahlia tubers have been dug up for the winter because they will not survive the cold temperatures of Wisconsin winters if left in the ground. (Calla lilies, gladiolas, begonias and elephant ears also fall into this category.) It’s important to learn the hardiness of the plants in your garden beds to determine which should be stored for the winter and which can be left in the ground. Photo by Sara Rae Lancaster.

Vegetable Gardens

Unlike perennial gardens, you do want to remove all debris and plant matter from vegetable gardens to prevent disease the following season. The other reason to clear out the vegetable beds is to have a fresh start for crop rotation in the spring.

“For example, you never want to plant tomatoes in the same spot as the year before,” Kunz said. 

The reason is that if you grow tomatoes – or other crops – in the same garden bed year after year, the plants will attract the same pests and diseases. Crop rotation helps to break that cycle while replenishing the soil. 

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Source: https://doorcountypulse.com/keep-your-gardening-tools-out-a-little-longer/

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